Psychology dating young adulthood
Compared with securely attached people, people who are anxious or preoccupied with attachment tend to have less positive views about themselves.They may feel a sense of anxiousness that only recedes when in contact with the attachment figure.The descriptions of adult attachment styles offered below are based on the relationship questionnaire devised by Bartholomew and Horowitz Securely attached people tend to agree with the following statements: "It is relatively easy for me to become emotionally close to others.
Regardless of how one describes the core principles of attachment theory, the key insight is that the same principles of attachment apply to close relationships throughout the lifespan.
The principles of attachment between children and caregivers are fundamentally the same as the principles of attachment between adults.
Relationships between adults differ in many ways from relationships between children and caregivers.
The claim is not that these two kinds of relationships are identical.
For example, romantic or platonic partners desire to be close to one another.
Adults feel comforted when their attachments are present and anxious or lonely when they are absent.
Then, in the late 1980s, Cindy Hazan and Phillip Shaver applied attachment theory to adult relationships.
Hazan and Shaver noticed that interactions between adults shared similarities to interactions between children and caregivers.
Mary Ainsworth and John Bowlby founded modern attachment theory on studies of children and their caregivers.
Children and caregivers remained the primary focus of attachment theory for many years.
They also tend to have positive views of their relationships.