India is expected to have about 311 million Muslims making up around 19–20% of the population and yet about 1.3 billion Hindus are projected to live in India comprising around 76% of the population.

Atheism and agnosticism have a long history in India and flourished within Śramaṇa movement.

Except for Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Meghalaya, Manipur, Nagaland, Mizoram and Lakshadweep, Hindus form the predominant population in all 29 states and 7 union territories.

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It is when extended members of a family – parents, children, the children's spouses and their offspring, etc. Usually, the oldest male member is the head in the joint Indian family system.

He mostly makes all important decisions and rules, and other family members are likely to abide by them.

Some schools like Jainism, Buddhism, Śaiva and Advaita Vedanta survived, but others, like Samkhya and Ājīvika, did not; they were either assimilated or became extinct.

Subsequent centuries produced commentaries and reformulations continuing up to as late as the 20th century.

The traditional large joint family in India, in the 1990s, accounted for a small percent of Indian households, and on average had lower per capita household income.

He finds that joint family still persists in some areas and in certain conditions, in part due cultural traditions and in part due to practical factors.

all of which are based on the concept of dharma and karma.

Ahimsa, a philosophy of non violence, is an important aspect of native Indian faiths whose most well known proponent was Gandhi who which through civil disobedience brought India together against the British Raj and this philosophy further inspired Martin Luther King, Jr. Indian-origin religions have been persecuted by for centuries.

Islam (14.2%), Christianity (2.3%), Sikhism (1.7%), Buddhism (0.7%) and Jainism (0.4%) are the other major religions followed by the people of India.